UN HABITAT vs. URBAN DISASTER LAW and CONFLICT HAZARD #NUA

Africa – Americas – Arab States – Asia & Pacific – Central Asia – Europe

UN Habitat will Adopt, commit, implement, encourage, promote adequate investments, support, recognize, invite, underscore and promote urban disaster response;

Urban climatic disaster response – #Disasterlaw

From All cities implementing policies endorsing Urban Climatic Emergency Evacuation Plan (#UCEEP) initiative to What is the military’s role in the New Urban Agenda?

Disaster law initiatives to combat climate change
“Duty-to-protect”

Drawing the state of disaster action around the world
“Duty-to-warn”

Participatory meetings to get to concrete catastrophe risk insurance solutions
“Duty-to-prevent”

Increase ability to have national drr assessment strategies, risk assessments International cooperating and access to early warning systems and drr information and assessment that need to be deliver to all by 2030.
“Duty-to-inform”

(urban/rural) disaster law, an urgent step-up of multi-stakeholder collaboration, coalitions of non-state actors and their flagship disaster adaptation initiatives?
“Duty-to-respond”

Unsupported substantial self-settlements without assistance shelter permanent shanti towns
“Duty-to-shelter”

Their objectives are to stay mobilized, accelerate climate action and streamline the implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Agenda for Action.

“Strengthening concrete action to bridge the gap between current commitments and the objective of emergency in the Paris Agreement”.

 

RE: Resolution 71/235, 71/256, Draft-Outcome-Document-of-Habitat-III-E

We take full account of the milestone achievements of the year 2015, in particular the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Sustainable Development Goals, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the third International Conference on Financing for Development, the Paris
Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction for the period 2015–2030, the Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade 2014–2024, the Small Island Developing States Accelerated Modalities of Action Pathway and the Istanbul Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011–2020. We also take account of the Rio Declaration on
Environment and Development, the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the World Summit for Social Development, the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the Beijing Platform for Action, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development and the follow-up to these conferences.

Adopt and implement disaster risk reduction and management, reduce vulnerability, build resilience and responsiveness to natural and human-made hazards, and foster mitigation of and adaptation to climate change;

We aim to achieve cities and human settlements where all persons are able to enjoy equal rights and opportunities, as well as their fundamental freedoms, guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including full respect for international law. In this regard, the New Urban Agenda is grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights treaties, the Millennium Declaration and the 2005 World Summit Outcome. It is informed by other instruments such as the Declaration on the Right to Development.

Ensure environmental sustainability, by promoting clean energy and sustainable use of land and resources in urban development; by protecting ecosystems and biodiversity, including adopting healthy lifestyles in harmony with nature; by promoting sustainable consumption and production patterns; by building urban resilience; by reducing disaster risks; and by mitigating and adapting to climate change.

We acknowledge that in implementing the New Urban Agenda particular attention should be given to addressing the unique and emerging urban development challenges facing all countries, in particular developing countries, including African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing middle-income countries. Special attention should also be given to countries in situations of conflict,
as well as countries and territories under foreign occupation, post-conflict countries, and countries affected by natural and human-made disasters.

We commit ourselves to strengthening the coordination role of national, subnational and local governments, as appropriate, and their collaboration with other public entities and non-governmental organizations in the provision of social and basic services for all, including generating investments in communities that are most vulnerable to disasters and those affected by recurrent and protracted humanitarian crises. We further commit ourselves to promoting adequate services, accommodation and opportunities for decent and productive work for crisis-affected persons in urban settings, and to working with local communities and local governments to identify opportunities for engaging and developing local, durable and dignified solutions while ensuring that aid also flows to affected persons and host communities to prevent regression of their development.

We acknowledge the need for governments and civil society to further support resilient urban services during armed conflicts. We also acknowledge the need to reaffirm full respect for international humanitarian law.

We recognize that cities and human settlements face unprecedented threats from unsustainable consumption and production patterns, loss of biodiversity, pressure on ecosystems, pollution, natural and human-made disasters, and climate change and its related risks, undermining the efforts to end poverty in all its forms and dimensions and to achieve sustainable development. Given cities’ demographic trends and their central role in the global economy, in the mitigation and adaptation efforts related to climate change, and in the use of resources and ecosystems, the way they are planned, financed, developed, built, governed and managed has a direct impact on sustainability and resilience well beyond urban boundaries.

We also recognize that urban centres worldwide, especially in developing countries, often have characteristics that make them and their inhabitants especially vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change and other natural and human-made hazards, including earthquakes, extreme weather events, flooding, subsidence, storms – including dust and sand storms – heat waves, water scarcity, droughts, water and air pollution, vector-borne diseases, and sea-level rise particularly affecting coastal areas, delta regions and small island developing States, among others.

We commit ourselves to facilitating the sustainable management of natural resources in cities and human settlements in a manner that protects and improves the urban ecosystem and environmental
services, reduces greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, and promotes disaster risk reduction and management, by supporting the development of disaster risk reduction strategies and periodical
assessments of disaster risk caused by natural and human-made hazards, including standards for risk levels, while fostering sustainable economic development and protecting all persons’ well-being and quality of life through environmentally sound urban and territorial planning, infrastructure and basic services.

We commit ourselves to promoting the creation and maintenance of well-connected and well-distributed networks of open, multi-purpose, safe, inclusive, accessible, green, and quality public spaces; to improving the resilience of cities to disasters and climate change, including floods, drought risks and heat waves; to improving food security and nutrition, physical and mental health, and household and ambient air quality; to reducing noise and promoting attractive and liveable cities, human settlements and urban landscapes, and to prioritizing the conservation of endemic species.

We commit ourselves to strengthening the sustainable management of resources, including land, water (oceans, seas and freshwater), energy, materials, forests and food, with particular attention to the environmentally sound management and minimization of all waste, hazardous chemicals, including air and short-lived climate pollutants, greenhouse gases and noise, and in a way that considers urban–rural linkages, functional supply and value chains vis à vis environmental impact and sustainability, and that strives to transition to a circular economy while facilitating ecosystem conservation, regeneration, restoration and resilience in the face of new and emerging challenges.

We commit ourselves to strengthening the resilience of cities and human settlements, including through the development of quality infrastructure and spatial planning, by adopting and implementing integrated, age- and gender-responsive policies and plans and ecosystem-based approaches in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction for the period 2015–2030; and by mainstreaming holistic and data-informed disaster risk reduction and management at all levels to reduce vulnerabilities and risk, especially in risk-prone areas of formal and informal settlements, including slums, and to enable households, communities, institutions and services to prepare for, respond to, adapt to and rapidly recover from the effects of hazards, including shocks or latent stresses. We will promote the development of infrastructure that is resilient and resource efficient and will reduce the risks and impact of disasters, including the rehabilitation and upgrading of slums and informal settlements. We will also promote measures for strengthening and retrofitting all risky housing stock, including in slums and informal settlements, to make it resilient to disasters in coordination with local authorities and stakeholders.

We commit ourselves to supporting moving from reactive to more proactive risk-based, all-hazards and all-of-society approaches, such as raising public awareness of risks and promoting ex-ante investments to prevent risks and build resilience, while also ensuring timely and effective local responses to address the immediate needs of inhabitants affected by natural and human-made disasters and conflicts. This should include the integration of the “build back better” principles into the post disaster recovery process to integrate resilience-building, environmental and spatial.

We strongly urge States to refrain from promulgating and applying any unilateral economic, financial or trade measures not in accordance with international law and the Charter of the United Nations that impede the full achievement of economic and social development, particularly in
developing countries.

We will integrate disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation and mitigation considerations and measures into age- and gender-responsive urban and territorial development and planning processes, including greenhouse gas emissions, resilience-based and climate-effective design of spaces, buildings and constructions, services and infrastructure, and nature-based solutions. We will promote cooperation and coordination across sectors, as well as build the capacities of local authorities to develop and implement disaster risk reduction and response plans, such as risk assessments concerning the location of current and future public facilities, and to formulate adequate contingency and evacuation procedures.

We will consider increased allocations of financial and human resources, as appropriate, for the upgrading and, to the extent possible, prevention of slums and informal settlements in the allocation of financial and human resources with strategies that go beyond physical and environmental improvements to ensure that slums and informal settlements are integrated into the social, economic, cultural and political dimensions of cities. These strategies should include, as applicable, access to sustainable, adequate, safe and affordable housing, basic and social services, and safe, inclusive, accessible, green and quality public spaces, and they should promote security of tenure and its regularization, as well as measures for conflict prevention and mediation.

We will promote the development of adequate and enforceable regulations in the housing sector, including, as applicable, resilient building codes, standards, development permits, land use by-laws and ordinances, and planning regulations; combating and preventing speculation, displacement, homelessness and arbitrary forced evictions; and ensuring sustainability, quality, affordability, health, safety, accessibility, energy and resource efficiency, and resilience. We will also promote differentiated analysis of housing supply and demand based on high-quality, timely and reliable disaggregated data at the national, subnational and local levels, considering specific social, economic, environmental and cultural dimensions.

We will promote adequate investments in protective, accessible and sustainable infrastructure and service provision systems for water, sanitation and hygiene, sewage, solid waste management, urban drainage, reduction of air pollution and stormwater management, in order to improve safety in the event of water-related disasters; improve health; ensure universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all, as well as access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all; and end open defecation, with special attention to the needs and safety of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. We will seek to ensure that this infrastructure is climate resilient and forms part of integrated urban and territorial development plans, including housing and mobility, among others, and is implemented in a participatory manner, considering, innovative, resource-efficient, accessible, context-specific and culturally sensitive sustainable solutions.

We will support decentralized decision-making on waste disposal to promote universal access to sustainable waste management systems. We will support the promotion of extended producer responsibility schemes that include waste generators and producers in the financing of urban waste management systems, that reduce the hazards and socio economic impacts of waste streams and increase recycling rates through better product design.

We will promote the integration of food security and the nutritional needs of urban residents, particularly the urban poor, in urban and territorial planning, in order to end hunger and malnutrition. We will promote coordination of sustainable food security and agriculture policies across urban, peri-urban and rural areas to facilitate the production, storage, transport and marketing of food to consumers in adequate and affordable ways in order to reduce food losses and prevent and reuse food waste. We will further promote the coordination of food policies with energy, water, health, transport and waste policies, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds and reduce the use of hazardous chemicals, and implement other policies in urban areas to maximize efficiencies and minimize waste.

We will explore and develop feasible solutions for climate and disaster risks in cities and human settlements, including through collaborating with insurance and reinsurance institutions and other relevant actors, with regard to investments in urban and metropolitan infrastructure, buildings and other urban assets, as well as for local populations to secure their shelter and economic needs.

We reaffirm the role and expertise of UN-Habitat, within its mandate, as a focal point for sustainable urbanization and human settlements, in collaboration with other United Nations system entities, recognizing the linkages between sustainable urbanization and, inter alia, sustainable
development, disaster risk reduction and climate change.

 

Source: HABITAT III NEW URBAN AGENDA Draft outcome document for adoption in Quito, October 2016

#DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – #DutytoShelter

Africa – Americas – Arab States – Asia & Pacific – Central Asia – Europe

 

When all the ice has melted, first I will be Warm and then I will be Cold.

Stay up to date with the analysis and outcomes of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law Symposium 2017 by our Reading blog posts.

#ClimateChance #ClimateChance2017 #Agadir #COP22 #COP23 #ONG #Climat #Humanrights #UNURBAN #UNHABITAT

3 #DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – “#Duty-to-Shelter”

(urban/rural) disaster law, an urgent step-up of multi-stakeholder collaboration, coalitions of non-state actors and their flagship disaster adaptation initiatives?
“Duty-to-Shelter”

Their objectives are to stay mobilized, accelerate climate action and streamline the implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Agenda for Action.

We ponder on what role law and policy governing disaster risk reduction should play in a changing global landscape.

Experts say we have three years to save the planet

International law must comply by 2020 latest with national #disasterlaw

 

Human rights law

There is a need for the International Federation of the Red Cross to promote human rights when assisting states in their DRR strategies, legislation and policies to prevent human rights abuses.

Sendai includes human rights practise law

Persons and their Property, health and livelihoods Hyogo framework

Monitoring bodies

Action priorities

Access to information
sharing information

Technology transfers (Article 15, of economic)

Education programs

Public awareness

 

Information

Education

 

Priority 2

Disaster risk governance,

Land use, urban planning laws, building codes and safety standards

Infrastructure, community services

Priority 3

Investing for resilience

Insurance, risk transfer

Schools, hospitals

Building better from the start

Identification of areas for human settlements and court places

Issue of livelihoods

Protection programs in place for food perspective

Cattle protection

Food, nutrition, housing, education and property

 

Priority 4

Forecasting, early warning systems

Stock piling schemes of necessary materials

Recovery schemes of from the perspective of health also mental health (Psycho social support (TV, football field for kids)) and engaging with older persons and people with disabilities, some content women.

Sendai and Hyogo frameworks and practise of country visits (rapporteurs)

Communication procedures

Housing, idps, health, toxic waste, food, water

 

European court of human right can make binding decisions, UN non-binding

E.g.
Landslides manmade disaster

Right information to public of disaster risk situation – human right

Disaster predictable non-predictable, known un-known, imminent non-imminent

Metrological hazards as such are beyond human control

Imminent hazards reoccurring, ? obligations are much higher

Illegal slum dwelling

Dangerous area

Extreme information for participation and justice in preamble to help the environment in relation to DRR

1998 Binding convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters – unece

Public authorities possess and update environmental information which is relevant to their functions

Land use and misuse of land in context of disaster evictions

Right to adequate housing

The U. N. Human Rights Council adopted the resolution, which was submitted by the Brazilian and Ecuadorian governments, last month at its headquarters in Geneva. Diplomats say the document could now lay the groundwork for more cities-focused work by the council –>

GOOD NEWS Adopted resolution #L30 – 37th Meeting, 35th Session Human Rights Council http://webtv.un.org/watch/ahrc35l.30rev.1-vote-item3-37th-meeting-35th-regular-session-human-rights-council/548071109600

#ClimateChance #CCAgadir17 #Cities #EUSEW17 #c40cities #NUA #NAU #CCCRdg #Habitat3 #Humanrights

 

Law humanitarian protection and assistance

Sendai – right to development

Emergency help to pregnant women – accessibility

 

Capacity to protect yourself and recover should be part of any drr planning and response

Nepal Dead 9‘, injured 22’ and in shelter 800’

Maternal health had not been included in DRR planning

One in five women (20%) are likely pregnant during an emergency

Red Cross – Human rights

IASC – Soft law consider health care

ILCPR – How human rights relevant to drr are claimed in practice

How can these be realised progressive

ICPRR – Derogations

How does (cities) economic and cultural rights apply during an emergency?

Getting kids back in school into safe place

Preparedness strategies empowerment of population – knowledge

Reducing mortality population wellbeing also metal health care

Capacity of health workers – Applying implementing drr approaches in health work it self

Promoting and enhancing training capacity particularly in the field disaster medicine, supporting and training community help groups

Enhance cooperation between health authorities and other relevant stake holders

Stimulating public private investments in drr prevention including help facilities lifesaving harmonising measures

Human rights include Eco-systems, environmental health and animal health

Stock pile emergency supplies, training help data, focus on mental health

IFRC – Sendai Framework – Human rights law

Driven by needs informed by rights – neutrality (Positivity – Non-activist)

To avoid human violation

Human rights need to be mainstreamed into every stage of humanitarian relief effort.

Maternal health in communities impacted 1.4 million women possible home births. Pregnant 93 000 10 300 expected to deliver every month.

Nepal: IFLC timeline

Donations, search and rescue, training people for first aid, cash transfer programs.

Hard and soft law to discuss human rights

Building up that knowledge and power to claim rights before disaster – preparedness

Community pilot in Cambodia “Know your rights” also DRR

 

#SendaiFramework #Switch2Sendai #Policy #Governance

#Cities #Safety #Arctic #Maritime

#UCEEP

#HumanRights

#DRRplanning

#REinsurance

#Implementation

#EWS #EarlyWarningSystems

#Hazards

#Federation Disaster Law Programme

#RedCross #Oilspills #ocean #ships #environment

#Disasterlaw #UrbanDisasterLaw

#law #disaster #risk #reduction

#DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – #DutytoRespond

Africa – Americas – Arab States – Asia & Pacific – Central Asia – Europe

 

When all the ice has melted, first I will be Warm and then I will be Cold.

Stay up to date with the analysis and outcomes of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law Symposium 2017 by our Reading blog posts.

#ClimateChance #ClimateChance2017 #Agadir #COP22 #COP23 #ONG #Climat #Humanrights #UNURBAN #UNHABITAT

3 #DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – “#Duty-to-Respond”

(urban/rural) disaster law, an urgent step-up of multi-stakeholder collaboration, coalitions of non-state actors and their flagship disaster adaptation initiatives?
“Duty-to-respond”

Their objectives are to stay mobilized, accelerate climate action and streamline the implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Agenda for Action.

We ponder on what role law and policy governing disaster risk reduction should play in a changing global landscape.

Experts say we have three years to save the planet

International law must comply by 2020 latest with national #disasterlaw

 

 

 

Paris Agreement to be implemented

Montreal Convention (Environment)

1972-4 Stockholm – UN Regional Seas Programme, binding (18 regional agreements (action plans))

(Not tied to one convention only)

Autonomous institutional arrangements within environmental law

1978 ROPME Protection of marine environment Bahrain, I.R. Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf

Priority 2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk.
Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels is very important for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and rehabilitation. It fosters collaboration and partnership.

III. Guiding principles

19-(a) Each State has the primary responsibility to prevent and reduce disaster risk, including through international, regional, sub-regional, trans-boundary and bilateral cooperation. The reduction of disaster risk is a common concern for all States and the extent to which developing countries are able to effectively enhance and implement national disaster
risk reduction policies and measures in the context of their respective circumstances and capabilities can be further enhanced through the provision of sustainable international cooperation;

Commonality

Regional DRR action plan and DRR agreement with additional protocols to earthquakes, typhoons etc.

SARC agreement arrangements

What role can regional approach play to bridge the national domestic implementation with the global guiding principles and framework in place?

Binding-Non-binding – New-Existing – Hard/Soft law

Where is the community agency?

Existing institutional arrangements

New international environmental treaties are the future risk/harm (conservation) Sendai future risk treaties.

Canon of disaster law – Cross cutting with human rights

Disaster law cross-cutting theme as broader application?

COPs light constitutional arrangements soft, harder with action plans all can apply to;

Disaster adaptation can take a variety of approaches depending on its context in vulnerability reduction, disaster risk management or proactive adaptation planning.

  • Social, ecological asset and infrastructure development
  • Technological process optimisation
  • Integrated natural resources management
  • Institutional, educational and behavioural change or reinforcement
  • Financial services, including risk transfer
  • Information systems to support early warning and proactive planning

There is increasing recognition of the value of social (including local and indigenous), institutional, and ecosystem-based measures and of the extent of constraints to disaster adaptation and resilience. Effective strategies and actions consider the potential for co-benefits and opportunities within wider strategic goals and development plans.

Disaster risk shouldn’t be field orientated

Lessons to be learned from other legal regimes such as environmental law, in particular the UN Regional Seas Programme, for stronger regional platforms in relation to DRR.

Governments often explicitly reference co-benefits in climate and sectoral plans and strategies.

As research develops, state practice becomes more coherent, and science and technology more refined, it is pivotal that cross-sectoral engagement, discussion and cooperation takes place to inform what course of action to take in an ever more turbulent world, so that we can achieve the goal of minimising suffering and harm resulting from disasters.

 

The U. N. Human Rights Council adopted the resolution, which was submitted by the Brazilian and Ecuadorian governments, last month at its headquarters in Geneva. Diplomats say the document could now lay the groundwork for more cities-focused work by the council –>

GOOD NEWS Adopted resolution #L30 – 37th Meeting, 35th Session Human Rights Council http://webtv.un.org/watch/ahrc35l.30rev.1-vote-item3-37th-meeting-35th-regular-session-human-rights-council/548071109600

 

Shipping

Arctic/Sea ice -50% is melting

Ice-free 2040

Transport and Tourism

Enhance skills of sea farers

Infrastructure for floating town disasters

Global training, risk awareness not binding

Polar code on vessels

23 hours of sunlight

Mess up your biorhythm to make you tiered

Ice on the vessel’s surface

Awareness building

Arctic Information changing

Exploitation risks, territory claims, oil exploration, mining

Continental shelf major issue between Russia and other countries

Gas fields in Northern Siberia huge effect on local communities

FLEX states flagged about disasters in the arctic

 

Air law – risks around conflict zones

Risk reduction and response (accident investigations)

Horizontally
Local government issue NOTA (Notice to airmen)
Where to and how high you can fly

Warning can also be taken as a Guarantee
Chicago Air law convention
Article 1
State has complete and exclusive sovereignty over air space

Vertically

Why not avoid conflict areas, in reality most conflicts take place on land.

Airlines rely on accurate in-time information.

Concerning national security, right to withhold information to protect humans.

 

Different flight levels for danger, even between France and UK, US Russia and China and UAE

Code shares practise

Which codes to trust and choose

Risk assessment from conflict zones has not been harmonised, due to government control of parts of its territory linked to political replications.

Disaster risk – We should share intelligence, even under loss of territorial control.

Disaster response – Objection of investigation to prevent

Exerting (IKL) Implemented into practice

Seek and find the loop holes, in order to;

1 Promote a “coordinated culture” and understanding of the investigations.

2 How coordinate national aviation safety assessments

3 How proceed with direct finding and build up mutual trust and coordination

 

Sendai
State has responsibility to prevent
Duty to issue warnings (model nuclear regime)

Validate information

Relay on Sendai framework’s normativity hard or soft, represent sense of direction which is important.

Sovereign law bloc transfer of information

Establish obligation to share information in air law

Red Cross wonder if accident come under disaster law or IAK rules?

The state has the power to investigate, can invite registered nation and victims nations.

IAK new resolution from reactive to preventive approach

Human rights as a value instrument in air law.

 

Human Rights and Cultural Property

International culture law and disaster law

Risk of floods and landslides, earthquakes (Manilla UNESCO-site)

1983 Natural disaster – Prevention, danger and response to natural heritage

Disaster law and cultural heritage

Article 21 UNESCO – At potential immediate danger emergency assistance for response

UNESCO implemented article 4 to safe guard / risk prevention strategy from Hyogo framework

How much lobbying Sendai to introduce cultural in drr (to protect cultural heritage sites against impact)

1972 Art Definition of the Cultural and Natural Heritage. Article 1 convention

Some protection with traditional knowledge

Disaster protection of People, property and environment + culture (property heritage (asset))

Commentary – Disaster effect mass displacement, loss of community

Social rights abuse??
Christmas tree approach vs the general principle approach

Listed heritage sites and not be unlisted

 

#ClimateChance #CCAgadir17 #Cities #EUSEW17 #c40cities #NUA #NAU #CCCRdg #Habitat3 #Humanrights

 

#SendaiFramework #Switch2Sendai #Policy #Governance

#Cities #Safety #Arctic #Maritime

#UCEEP

#HumanRights

#DRRplanning

#REinsurance

#Implementation

#EWS #EarlyWarningSystems

#Hazards

#Federation Disaster Law Programme

#RedCross #Oilspills #ocean #ships #environment

#Disasterlaw #UrbanDisasterLaw

#law #disaster #risk #reduction

 

#DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – #DutytoInform

Africa – Americas – Arab States – Asia & Pacific – Central Asia – Europe

 

When all the ice has melted, first I will be Warm and then I will be Cold.

Stay up to date with the analysis and outcomes of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law Symposium 2017 by our Reading blog posts.

#ClimateChance #ClimateChance2017 #Agadir #COP22 #COP23 #ONG #Climat #Humanrights

2 #DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – “#Duty-to-Inform”

Participatory meetings to get to concrete catastrophe risk insurance solutions – “Duty-to-Inform”

How to bring international law governing disasters up to speed with the global challenges that we face.

Experts say we have three years to save the planet

International law must comply by 2020 latest with national #disasterlaw

DRR Umbrella

Zika virus unexpected

Soft and hard law

No disaster database in the UK

Sendai framework working for the Tsunami 2004

Bad disaster data, need to measure more 2013-18

Risk governance critical and more..

UN ECOSOC group Science & Technology

Assessment, synthesis, scientific advisory monitoring and review

Communication engagement and capacity development

ASPIRATION and

We all own

Global outcome – Law look together

Guiding principles – Consistent with domestic law international obligations and commitments

Priorities for actions

Protecting human rights, missing ethics

Hazard?

Space hazards, biosphere

International health regulations 2007

Global health security Agenda 2014

Check on compliance for implementation important

May 2017 Cancun

Paper: Health emergency disaster and management research group

Peer review Formal platforms to deliver rule of law

Civil contingency act

Roadmap

Enhance global regulation mechanisms such protection of persons at event of disaster

Review Statistics to inform policies on DRR

You cannot manage what you can’t measure

Practical, sensible

Reduce mortality, effected people, economic loss and damage to critical infrastructure in construction and basic services (Hospitals, healthcare, education facilities and their functioning)

Increase ability to have national DRR assessment strategies, risk assessments International cooperating and access to early warning systems and DRR information and assessment that need to be deliver to all by 2030.

Is it more important to implement disaster law before development, economic growth and prosperity?  The two sustainability models don’t go hand in hand up to 2030, on the contrary should be kept separate, would you agree?

 

Three of the indicators;

Compound indicators
Number of deaths, variable definitions
Number of missing persons

Cancun comment;
It highlighted the resilience of sustainable investment depend on ability to insure integration and coherence across policy instruments and regulatory frameworks for all.

UN landmark agreement Habitat

House standard G

Deaths/Missing – Mortality

 

UK focal point UK Sendai framework

Coherence

Legislation 2012 bad year (secretary in cabinet office)

 

Civil continues planning preventing responding to hazards

Risk linked to ligament planning department

Support Cobra if anything goes wrong
Common Recognise Information Pictures CRIPS – What’s going on?

Civil Contingencies Unit, act dates from 2004

 

UK doctrine

Subsidiarity (Top/Down – Bottom Up – Cancun), Continuity

Peace times and war times operations no separated

Based on Risk cycle how we treat risk – National risk assessment

Identify likely risks (100) with impact level based on evidence – common consequences

Prevent and mitigate risk – Recovery plans

Pandemic flu, coastal flooding and catastrophic terror attacks

Us together with NHS, Public England

 

Cyber-attack limited (new cyber security centre) + physical damage?

Rest – National reconciliation planning assumptions

 

Expect departments / councils to have preparedness if

Chemical releases and rubble, debris

Human fertilities and human casualties

Disruption in central services like transport

 

Government activities

Mass fertilities – Home office

Central services

Supporting work streams

Inform

Horizontal cross risk scanning and vertical scanning

Forecasts short/long term

 

Recovery

Rebuild and restore retake communities

Environmental

Build back better and adopt to the new normal

 

Risk Reduction policies (CONTEST, Channel programme)

Prevent (cause radicalisation)

  • Pursue
  • Protect
  • Prepare

 

Emergencies are acute

Met office Public Heath – Turn on radiator in winter Keep cool in summer

 

Focal point

Sendai is narrative building, raising situational awareness – new language

Disaster Risk Reduction vs Risk Reduction management

Are disaster management services the main duty-bearers to roll out DRR?

In the new Urban Agenda, are military services the main duty-bearers to roll out disaster risk reduction services?

Inform, Influence and Persuade

 

How can law and legal considerations assist in transitioning to better risk management through reduce vulnerability rather just preparing for responding to risks?

How far has public international law context placed explicit duties on government authorities to reduce risk?

 

How has that international humanitarian law aspects, particulate relay to population affected by disasters how does that interact with domestic civil protection law?

How can humanitarian law that interact with civil protection law?

What aspect in our recent developments in international law need to be reflective in our existing doctrine of our related policies?

 

#ClimateChance #CCAgadir17 #Cities #EUSEW17 #c40cities #NUA #NAU #CCCRdg #Habitat3 #Humanrights

#SendaiFramework #Switch2Sendai #Policy #Governance

#Cities #Safety #Arctic #Maritime

#UCEEP

#HumanRights

#DRRplanning

#REinsurance

#Implementation

#EWS #EarlyWarningSystems

#Hazards

#Federation Disaster Law Programme

#RedCross #Oilspills #ocean #ships #environment

#Disasterlaw #UrbanDisasterLaw

#law #disaster #risk #reduction