#DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – #DutytoShelter

Africa – Americas – Arab States – Asia & Pacific – Central Asia – Europe

 

When all the ice has melted, first I will be Warm and then I will be Cold.

Stay up to date with the analysis and outcomes of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law Symposium 2017 by our Reading blog posts.

#ClimateChance #ClimateChance2017 #Agadir #COP22 #COP23 #ONG #Climat #Humanrights #UNURBAN #UNHABITAT

3 #DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – “#Duty-to-Shelter”

(urban/rural) disaster law, an urgent step-up of multi-stakeholder collaboration, coalitions of non-state actors and their flagship disaster adaptation initiatives?
“Duty-to-Shelter”

Their objectives are to stay mobilized, accelerate climate action and streamline the implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Agenda for Action.

We ponder on what role law and policy governing disaster risk reduction should play in a changing global landscape.

Experts say we have three years to save the planet

International law must comply by 2020 latest with national #disasterlaw

 

Human rights law

There is a need for the International Federation of the Red Cross to promote human rights when assisting states in their DRR strategies, legislation and policies to prevent human rights abuses.

Sendai includes human rights practise law

Persons and their Property, health and livelihoods Hyogo framework

Monitoring bodies

Action priorities

Access to information
sharing information

Technology transfers (Article 15, of economic)

Education programs

Public awareness

 

Information

Education

 

Priority 2

Disaster risk governance,

Land use, urban planning laws, building codes and safety standards

Infrastructure, community services

Priority 3

Investing for resilience

Insurance, risk transfer

Schools, hospitals

Building better from the start

Identification of areas for human settlements and court places

Issue of livelihoods

Protection programs in place for food perspective

Cattle protection

Food, nutrition, housing, education and property

 

Priority 4

Forecasting, early warning systems

Stock piling schemes of necessary materials

Recovery schemes of from the perspective of health also mental health (Psycho social support (TV, football field for kids)) and engaging with older persons and people with disabilities, some content women.

Sendai and Hyogo frameworks and practise of country visits (rapporteurs)

Communication procedures

Housing, idps, health, toxic waste, food, water

 

European court of human right can make binding decisions, UN non-binding

E.g.
Landslides manmade disaster

Right information to public of disaster risk situation – human right

Disaster predictable non-predictable, known un-known, imminent non-imminent

Metrological hazards as such are beyond human control

Imminent hazards reoccurring, ? obligations are much higher

Illegal slum dwelling

Dangerous area

Extreme information for participation and justice in preamble to help the environment in relation to DRR

1998 Binding convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters – unece

Public authorities possess and update environmental information which is relevant to their functions

Land use and misuse of land in context of disaster evictions

Right to adequate housing

The U. N. Human Rights Council adopted the resolution, which was submitted by the Brazilian and Ecuadorian governments, last month at its headquarters in Geneva. Diplomats say the document could now lay the groundwork for more cities-focused work by the council –>

GOOD NEWS Adopted resolution #L30 – 37th Meeting, 35th Session Human Rights Council http://webtv.un.org/watch/ahrc35l.30rev.1-vote-item3-37th-meeting-35th-regular-session-human-rights-council/548071109600

#ClimateChance #CCAgadir17 #Cities #EUSEW17 #c40cities #NUA #NAU #CCCRdg #Habitat3 #Humanrights

 

Law humanitarian protection and assistance

Sendai – right to development

Emergency help to pregnant women – accessibility

 

Capacity to protect yourself and recover should be part of any drr planning and response

Nepal Dead 9‘, injured 22’ and in shelter 800’

Maternal health had not been included in DRR planning

One in five women (20%) are likely pregnant during an emergency

Red Cross – Human rights

IASC – Soft law consider health care

ILCPR – How human rights relevant to drr are claimed in practice

How can these be realised progressive

ICPRR – Derogations

How does (cities) economic and cultural rights apply during an emergency?

Getting kids back in school into safe place

Preparedness strategies empowerment of population – knowledge

Reducing mortality population wellbeing also metal health care

Capacity of health workers – Applying implementing drr approaches in health work it self

Promoting and enhancing training capacity particularly in the field disaster medicine, supporting and training community help groups

Enhance cooperation between health authorities and other relevant stake holders

Stimulating public private investments in drr prevention including help facilities lifesaving harmonising measures

Human rights include Eco-systems, environmental health and animal health

Stock pile emergency supplies, training help data, focus on mental health

IFRC – Sendai Framework – Human rights law

Driven by needs informed by rights – neutrality (Positivity – Non-activist)

To avoid human violation

Human rights need to be mainstreamed into every stage of humanitarian relief effort.

Maternal health in communities impacted 1.4 million women possible home births. Pregnant 93 000 10 300 expected to deliver every month.

Nepal: IFLC timeline

Donations, search and rescue, training people for first aid, cash transfer programs.

Hard and soft law to discuss human rights

Building up that knowledge and power to claim rights before disaster – preparedness

Community pilot in Cambodia “Know your rights” also DRR

 

#SendaiFramework #Switch2Sendai #Policy #Governance

#Cities #Safety #Arctic #Maritime

#UCEEP

#HumanRights

#DRRplanning

#REinsurance

#Implementation

#EWS #EarlyWarningSystems

#Hazards

#Federation Disaster Law Programme

#RedCross #Oilspills #ocean #ships #environment

#Disasterlaw #UrbanDisasterLaw

#law #disaster #risk #reduction

#DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – #DutytoWarn

Africa – Americas – Arab States – Asia & Pacific – Central Asia – Europe

 

When all the ice has melted, first I will be Warm and then I will be Cold.

Stay up-to-date with the analysis and outcomes of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law Symposium 2017 by our Reading blog posts.

#ClimateChance #ClimateChance2017 #Agadir #COP22 #COP23 #ONG #Climat #Humanrights

1 #DRR Disaster Risk Reduction – “#Duty-to-Warn”

Disaster law initiatives to combat climate change – “Duty-to-Warn”

How to grapple with the increasing frequency and severity of a wide array of both ‘human-made’ and ‘natural’ disasters.

Experts say we have three years to save the planet

International law must comply by 2020 latest with national #disasterlaw

 

Governance

Law part of the solution and remains part of the problem.

Domestic lawmaker trying to influence development of international law

Top down

State and territorial Sovereignty (no assistance) if state protection against disaster in place.

Responsibility to protect in a disaster event, deliberate action.

Is there a will to extend international law, yes within the domestic jurisdiction?
Is there a will to extend the new international treaties within the domestic jurisdiction?

Right to life, right to housing – Bottom up

In decision making leaders can compel more soft law, before the actual disaster events occur

 

Work together communal/regional level with law as support most important.

Can customary law affect traditional international law?

 

Can international standards and codes to interpret what is human rights? Bring as evidence?

Duty-to-prevent contagious diseases, or responsibility. No silver bullet solution.

Join a treaty or not

R G P – Prevention disaster law

 

Unpredictable Powerlessness Right to information

Early Warning Systems

Tropical storms and hurricanes

Destroy 90% of the economy

Integrated part of the countries development plans. From represent a shift from managing disaster to focus on risks.

Public policies and legal framework

Who and how to make a declaration of a disaster.

Decision and awareness for

Legislative status demand focus on vulnerable groups

Governor’s incentives would be most appropriate

The implementation for education and awareness building for decision makers and politicians and empower local drr authorities.

 

Multiple sources if information to find their ways

 

Sendai framework target (g), increased access to multi-hazard early warning systems.

How to ensure a single voice principle duty-to-warn and the general self-preparedness concept.

Legal obligation – Notify boundary states in duty-to-warn article 9 “reduce risk”

 

Four technical component elements in early warning systems in Bonn 2003

1 Risk Knowledge – Prior Knowledge of the Risks Faced by Communities

2 Warning Service – Technical Monitoring and Warning Service for These Risks

3 Dissemination of Understandable Warnings to Those at Risk

4 Response Capability – Knowledge and Preparedness to Act

Metrological hydrological organisations and services

Third part

Peoples Centred Early Warning Systems

Triangulating possibilities

Multiple channels used

Europe: Assess and mitigate risk to establish emergency plans participatory approach.

Citizen’s rights to receive information before and during an emergency

Self-protection buildings high risk activities. Prevention for false alarms – Crowed wisdom.

When is redundancy needed? Compulsion depends on situation to save life, linked to impact.

Should storms be named – impact to preparedness generate emotional reaction?
Can sustainable development in the NUA be implemented faster through generation of emotional Reaction?

Transition when crossing boundaries

Make sure updated sectoral validated emergency plans in place, with the effort and strive to rescue every life. Protection against hacking.

Apart from People Centred Early Warning Systems with triangulating possibilities (social media) etc.  Why have law makers, in 14 years, failed to implement the Early Warning Systems internationally?

 

2011 Arab spring – safe refugee passage out

Chartering of planes and boats between Malta and Libya

Required held Mirage planes back

Complex because no-flight zone

Coordination-team

Army, police, civil protection, head authorities, hospitals, private contractors, hoteliers, cruise liners

Took injured people from both sides of the conflict up till 2014

WHO, Red Cross

What happens if you lose keppy up????
A business continuity plan that a could be involved in

 

Resist – The implementation for education and awareness building for decision makers and politicians and empower local DRR authorities.

Build – Work together communal/regional level with law as support most important. Capacity building How to make a declaration of a disaster?

Rise – In decision making leaders can compel more soft law, before the actual disaster events occur.

Make sure updated sectoral validated emergency plans in place, with the effort and strive to rescue every life.

#ClimateChance #CCAgadir17 #Cities #EUSEW17 #c40cities #NUA #NAU #CCCRdg #Habitat3 #Humanrights

 

#SendaiFramework #Switch2Sendai #Policy #Governance

#Cities #Safety #Arctic #Maritime

#UCEEP

#HumanRights

#DRRplanning

#REinsurance

#Implementation

#EWS #EarlyWarningSystems

#Hazards

#Federation Disaster Law Programme

#RedCross #Oilspills #ocean #ships #environment

#Disasterlaw #UrbanDisasterLaw

#law #disaster #risk #reduction

 

#Goal13 City Levels Green, Amber or even Red

#Goal13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

The highly developed industrialized nations’ responsibility to combat climate change is obvious and cannot be overestimated. Similar to the issue of sustainable consumption and production patterns, the rich countries need to become leading examples if the goal of combating climate change and its consequences is not to remain mere lip service. Effectively reducing CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions is imperative in this regard. The data displayed in figures 13.1 and 13.2 show how far many OECD countries are still lagging behind compared to the respective benchmark countries of the sample.

13_1

Click on the picture to enlarge

Figure 13.1 provides information on production-based CO2 emissions per capita. “Production-based” means that emissions refer to gross direct CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, emitted within the national territory excluding bunkers, sinks, and indirect effects. In the fi ve leading countries, Mexico, Turkey, Sweden, Portugal, and Hungary, as well as in sixth-ranked Chile, production based CO2 emissions are below 5 tons per capita. These countries’ performances stand in stark contrast to the respective emission levels of countries placed at the bottom of the list, such as Canada, the United States, Australia, and Luxembourg. Here, CO2 emissions range from 15.3 (Canada) to 19.47 tons per capita (Luxembourg).

13_2

Click on the picture to enlarge

The second snapshot indicator links emission levels to the size of a country’s economy, and refers to total greenhouse gas emissions per GDP. Greenhouse gas emissions include land use, land-use change, and forestry, and are measured in CO2 equivalents as a percentage of GDP (tons per million constant 2005 int. USD PPP). The findings are remarkable: While Sweden is by far the top-performing country with an amount of 66.75 tons, Estonia comes in last place with 680 tons – more than ten times as much as in the case of the leading country. Moreover, Sweden is the only country ranked among the top five on both indicators chosen here.

With regard to greenhouse gas emissions per GDP, Norway, Switzerland, Finland, and France follow in places two to five. In fifth-ranked France, however, emissions are already nearly four times as high as in Sweden. At the negative end of the spectrum, Canada and Australia again find themselves in the bottom group. Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions per GDP amount to 641 tons, which means that the country ranks second to last on both indicators of goal 13.

Source: SDG Index and Dashboards – Global Report

Invitation Boroughs of Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire

Nordic_declarationInvitation to BOBShire’s Capitals‘ Declaration on #ClimateChange 2017

Venue and programme for the workshop need to be set,
Pre-register interest here, BOBShire @ CCCRdg .org .uk

Join the wave of change. Sign the Appel de Paris here, http://www.parispledgeforaction.org/read

Project ideas emerged from breakout groups for each of the following #RE100 challenges:

KIC

  • How to include quality of life (the social dimension) in climate-oriented city solutions
  • How to create incentives for people to choose to be ”climate smart” in their everyday choices
  • How to create city climate targets, measure progress and engage more actors
  • How to remove barriers that enable cities to implement more (and better) testbeds

Check back for more information

/Climate Change Centre Reading

 

Source: reykjavik.is

For immediate Release GaiaDoc.org

For immediate Release

GaiaDoc.org has launched a fit for purpose replacement text for #COP21 #Paris2015 Urgent International Draft

EMERGENCY CLIMATE CHANGE PREVENTION CHARTER (CCPC) .pdf

For-immediate-Release-GaiaDoc

Source: GaiaDoc.org

 

 

Green leader wants Reading Council pension fund to stop investing in fossil fuels

Green leader wants Reading Council pension fund to stop investing in fossil fuels

The leader of Reading Council’s Green group want the borough’s pension fund to shed its connections with fossil fuels.

This is so crucial — it’s time to divest from destruction. Please sign: https://campaigns.gofossilfree.org/petitions/reading-divest-from-fossil-fuels

Cllr Rob White will be calling on the Reading Borough Council’s full council meeting tomorrow, Tuesday, October 20, to lobby Royal Berkshire Pension Fund to freeze any new investment in the top 200 publicly-traded fossil fuel companies and to “divest from ownership of any “commingled funds that include fossil fuel public equities and corporate bonds by 2020”.

He is also calling on the council not to accept any sponsorship or advertising from fossil fuel companies and to encourage Reading businesses and institutions to divest from fossil fuels too.

In a motion to the council, Cllr White says: “It is irresponsible and immoral for public bodies and pension funds to invest in fossil fuel extraction companies and instead they should where possible direct investment into ‘green energy’ infastructure.”

He went on: “The pension funds can and should find ways of directing a share of their investment to supporting the sustainable development of their local economies.”

His motion will be debated and voted on by councillors tomorrow night.

 

Source: Get Reading